Neural machine Translation
Statistical Machine Translation
Conditional probability estimates for phrase translation are very coarse for rare phrases. Smoothing method attempt to remedy this problem.
Smoothing is the main subject of 9 publications. 2 are discussed here.
Topics in PhraseBasedModelsPhrase Based Model Training | Phrase Based Model EM | Phrase Based Model Refinement | Context Features | Smoothing | Paraphrasing | Pruning Large Models | Suffix Arrays | Reordering Models | Phrase Based Vs EBMT