Neural machine Translation
Statistical Machine Translation
Especially for morphologically rich languages, basing language models only on the surface form of words may lead to sparse data problems. For such languages it may be beneficial to make explicit use of the morphological analysis of words.
Morphological Language Models is the main subject of 3 publications. 3 are discussed here.
Topics in LanguageModelsN Gram Language Models | Targeted Language Models | Morphological Language Models | Very Large Language Models